A Century of Parks Canada, 1911-2011


A Century of Parks Canada, 1911-2011

"... a diverse and fascinating array of perspectives on the history of Canada's national parks, illuminating many less well-understood aspects of the evolving place of people in and near these parks." - Stephen Bocking, Professor and Chair, Environmental and Resource Studies Program, Trent University

When Canada created a Dominion Parks Branch in 1911, it became the first country in the world to establish an agency devoted to managing its national parks. Over the past century this agency, now Parks Canada, has been at the centre of important debates about the place of nature in Canadian nationhood and relationships between Canada's diverse ecosystems and its communities. Today, Parks Canada manages over forty parks and reserves totalling over 200,000 square kilometres and featuring a dazzling variety of landscapes, and is recognized as a global leader in the environmental challenges of protected places. Its history is a rich repository of experience, of lessons learned - critical for making informed decisions about how to sustain the environmental and social health of our national parks.

A Century of Parks Canada is published in partnership with NiCHE (Network in Canadian History and Environment; http://niche-canada.org/).

With Contributions By:
Ben Bradley
George Colpitts
Oliver Craig-Dupont
Lyle Dick
E. Gwyn Langemann
Alan MacEachern
I.S. MacLaren
Brad Martin
David Neufeld
Ronald Rudin
John Sandlos
C.J. Taylor
Bill Waiser

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Cover 1
Series Information 3
Title Page 4
Bibliographic Data 5
Table of Contents 8
Governing a Kingdom:Parks Canada, 1911–2011Claire, Elizabeth Campbell 12
M.B. Williams and the Early Years of Parks Canada, Alan MacEachern 32
Nature’s Playgrounds:The Parks Branch and Tourism Promotionin the National Parks, 1911–1929, John Sandlos 64
“A Questionable Basis for Establishing a Major Park”:Politics, Roads, and the Failure of a National Park inBritish Columbia’s Big Bend Country, Ben Bradley 90
“A Case of Special Privilege and Fancied Right”:The Shack Tent Controversy in Prince Albert National Park, Bill Waiser 114
Banff in the 1960s:Divergent Views of the National Park Ideal, C.J. Taylor 144
Films, Tourists, and Bears in the National Parks:Managing Park Use and the Problematic“Highway Bum” Bear in the 1970s, George Colpitts 164
Hunting, Timber Harvesting, and Precambrian Beauties:The Scientific Reinterpretation of La MauricieNational Park’s Landscape History, 1969–1975Olivier, Craig-Dupont 190
Kouchibouguac:Representations of a Park in Acadian Popular Culture, Ronald Rudin 216
Kluane National Park Reserve, 1923–1974:Modernity and Pluralism, David Neufeld 246
Negotiating a Partnership of Interests:Inuvialuit Land Claims and the Establishment ofNorthern Yukon (Ivvavik) National Park, Brad Martin 284
Archaeology in the Rocky Mountain National Parks:Uncovering an 11,000-Year-Long Story, E. Gwyn Langemann 314
Rejuvenating Wilderness:The Challenge of Reintegrating Aboriginal Peoples intothe “Playground” of Jasper National Park, I.S. MacLaren 344
Epilogue, Lyle Dick 382
Appendix A: Canada’s National Parks and National Park Reserves 396
Appendix B:National Park Zoning System, Parks Canada Agency 398
Notes on Contributors 402
Select Bibliography 406
Index 430
Back Cover 460